Fourth Ms Ní Laoghaire
January 2021 School Closure Online Learning
Hello 4th class,
Welcome to term 2 in Fourth Class. I hope you are all well and rested after the Christmas holidays. I'm finding it very strange not being in the classroom with you all and I'm missing it. We'll all be back together again soon.
I'm very sure that you all are being very helpful and kind to all around you. Remember you can help out in many different ways around the house. Also, be sure to have lots of fun!
I will be posting work for you to do in the next few weeks. I will put this work up on Mondays and Wednesdays. Please do not worry if you can’t get all of it, or any of it done. Please do what you can. I have your copies in school so please start new copies for the subjects we will be covering. I also have your mental Maths books so I will scan the pages for you. You can put your answers in your Maths copy.
If you have any questions at all please ask me. Please send me some jokes. I need a laugh!
Mental Maths: Please do Monday and Tuesday in week 17.
Remember to be RUDE!
Busy at Maths; We are going to begin doing weight this week.
Grammes and Kilogrammes are used to measure weight. We use Grammes for the lighter items and Kilogrammes for heavier objects.
We will use g for grammes and kg for kilogrammes.
We will also be doing some revision on fractions and decimals in this section.
On page 153 we have different types of scales that have different uses. On page 154 I would like you to convert kg. to g. Some of the sums are converting a fraction or a decimal of a kg. to g. Please use the scales on the top of the page to help you.
Do page 153 & 154 in your math’s copy.
English: Lift Off!
Please read Wilbur’s Boast on page 127-133 in your reader.
I would like you to record one paragraph of your reading and to send it to me. Choose any paragraph you like.
Please do Questions A and B in your English copy.
Bua na Cainte:
Eanáir The pictures explain the meaning of the words. Ask an adult to help you pronounce the words.
I have scanned the page to help you with the dates. Please read the questions for an adult.
As we were discussing the Winter Solstice before the holidays I would like you to do a little research on Newgrange. I would also like you to write some facts about Newgrange.
Newgrange is a prehistoric monument in County Meath, Ireland, located 8 kilometres west of Drogheda on the north side of the River Boyne. It is an exceptionally grand passage tomb built during the Neolithic period, around 3200 BC, making it older than Stonehenge and the Egyptian pyramids.
See the fact file below for more information on the Newgrange or alternatively, you can download our 21-page Newgrange worksheet pack to utilise within the classroom or home environment.
Key Facts & Information
- ·Newgrange is a 5,200-year-old passage tomb located in the Boyne Valley in Ireland’s Ancient East. Newgrange was built by Stone Age farmers, and the mound is 85 meters (93 yards) in diameter and 13.5 meters (15 yards) high. It is located on an area of about 1 acre.
- ·A passage measuring 19 meters (21 yards) leads into a chamber with 3 alcoves. The passage and chamber are aligned with the rising sun at the Winter Solstice.
- ·Newgrange is surrounded by 97 large stones called kerbstones some of which are engraved with megalithic art; the most striking is the entrance stone. Access to the Newgrange monument is via the Brú na Bóinne Visitors Centre.
- ·Newgrange is known as a passage tomb and was wonderfully constructed by the Neolithic people. As you approach this magical tomb, a large rock sits at an opening to a passage.
- ·This rock is beautifully carved with Celtic designs and is known to have the only triple spiral motif Celtic design ever found. Around the circumference of the Newgrange tomb are 97 large stones, known as kerbstones, with each one also having carvings of Celtic designs.
- ·The inner section of the large circle is a large mound of earth and leans against an angled wall composed of Quartz and Granite. The angle of the quartz wall is a remarkable piece of architecture and construction, even by today’s standards. It was built on top of the large ring of carved rock.
- ·As you walk around the site, you can see the beautiful Celtic designs carved into the face of each rock, although very little is known about the Celtic designs, it does allow us to interrupt our own meaning and let our imaginations run wild.
- ·These Celtic designs were most likely to have been carved into the rocks later and it is believed the carvings had been done by a man who traveled from France or Italy as the Celts didn’t arrive in Ireland until later during the Iron Age Period.
- ·As you enter the passage, the height of the passage is at first low but gets higher as you enter the main chamber. Inside the main chamber, which is a cross shape, there are large rocks that form part of the walls of the passage.
- ·Beautiful Celtic designs can be found on the rocks along the walled passage and inside the main chamber with the roof towering to 19m in height. The main chamber served the purpose of a tomb and when excavated, the remains of five bodies were found.
- ·Newgrange or the whole area of Brú a Bóinne must have had a major significance for the people who have first built the sites as the design and construction of the tombs were very complex, to say the least.
- ·The quartz and granite would have come from miles away as this type of stone was not found in the area. The large rocks and standing stones would have also been transported (somehow) from miles away as again, these type of rocks were not generally found in the area where the site is located.
- ·The most magical part of Newgrange is how it is aligned perfectly with the sun during the winter solstice. The sun shines through a roof box located above the passage entrance, and rises to light up the main chamber tomb lasting over 15 minutes.
- ·Each year, people in Ireland gather at the site of Newgrange to experience this amazing event but only those who hold special invites are allowed to be within the tomb as it happens.
- ·Archaeologists classified Newgrange as a passage tomb; however, Newgrange is now recognised to be much more than a passage tomb. Ancient Temple is a more fitting classification, a place of astrological, spiritual, religious, and ceremonial importance, much as present day cathedrals are places of prestige and worship where dignitaries may be laid to rest.
- ·Newgrange is a large kidney shaped mound covering an area of over one acre, retained at the base by 97 kerbstones, some of which are richly decorated with megalithic art.
- ·The 19 meter long inner passage leads to a cruciform chamber with a corbelled roof. The amount of time and labor invested in construction of Newgrange suggests a well-organized society with specialised groups responsible for different aspects of construction.
- ·Newgrange is part of a complex of monuments built along a bend of the River Boyne known collectively as Brú na Bóinne.
- ·The other two principal monuments are Knowth (the largest) and Dowth, but throughout the area there are as many as 35 smaller mounds.
I have included an attachment with information on Newgrange.
This History work can be spread out over the week.
P.E. 15 minute mile.
Mental Maths Week 17 Monday and Tuesday
Our Christmas Trees
HALLOWEEN DRESS UP
PICASSO INSPIRED PORTRAITS
Autumn Crowning Glory